Masking Binaural Beats

I always say ask me anything and a lot of people are doing just that lately and today I thought I would talk about masking binaural beats with noise

Inbox: What is masking?

There are a lot of binaural beats in the world. There are so many, in fact, that many online music stores like Apple Music have found subtle ways to ban them. (Apple, for example, black-listed the word “binaural” and the phrase “binaural beats” from use in titles and descriptions of new music submissions in 2018 or so.) And it’s easy to see why the ban exists: binaural beats alone make for a crap listening experience. Here’s some proof:

One minute of a 4Hz Delta binaural beat via 100Hz, 300Hz and 500Hz carrier frequencies.

While this tone set is deliberately uninspiring, by literally any definition binaural beats alone do not meet the minimum criteria to be classified as music and therefor do not belong in a music store. (Apps, on the hand, are an altogether different situation about which I know nothing.)

There is also the issue of listening fatigue. While not clinically recognized, listening fatigue is a phenomenon that occurs after prolonged exposure to an auditory stimulus. When listening only to binaural beats, the continued exposure to high levels of audio in such a narrow bandwidth can lead to tiredness, discomfort, irritability, headaches and even pain and hearing loss. To avoid this fatigue, binaural beats need to be masked.

Initially, Monroe’s solution to this problem was to mask the sound with noise. Masking occurs when the perception of one sound is affected by the presence of another sound. By adding noise, the carrier frequencies for the binaural beats are less likely to cause fatigue because the the sound energy of white noise is equally–but randomly–spread across the entire frequency spectrum.

In physics and audio engineering, noise is described using colors. Brown noise, for example, decreases in power as the frequency rises. The perception of brown noise, then, is that of the low roar of a waterfall: it is deeper and warmer sounding than white noise. And it was Robert Monroe’s choice for Hemi-Sync®.

One minute of a 4Hz Delta binaural beat via 100Hz, 300Hz and 500Hz carrier frequencies with a modulating pink noise (because I don’t have a brown noise generator and I’m too tired deal with that right now…)

Using music to mask binaural beats and Hemi-Sync® is pretty self evident and in the late eighties and early nineties, Hemi-Sync® launched a line of products called Metamusic®. Initially a simple experiment using music created in house, folks at the Monroe Institute began reaching out to artists to create the Metamusic® Artist Series, a collection of more fully realized productions. Higher was maybe the fourth or fifth release in the Metamusic® Artist Series.

For better or for worse, this introduced its own set of unique problems.


Inbox: Hemi-Sync

I always say ask me anything and a lot of people are doing just that lately and today I thought I would answer some common questions about Hemi-Sync® so here we go…

How did you connect with Hemi-Sync?

When I was in college, I attended a Hemi-Sync outreach workshop. We spent the weekend flopped out on air mattresses in someone’s living room and meditated for two days straight with headphones on. It was brilliant.

The outreach trainer and I became friends, and she eventually listened to a guided meditation that I had created with a would-be author. She sent the guided meditation to Robert Monroe. The music was re-recorded and an instrumental version was released as Higher.

Did you meet Robert Monroe?

I have never met Robert Monroe in person, but early on we spoke on the phone and even then, only once. He was curt and to-the-point. I found him to be supportive of my work (at the very least I know that he was a fan of Higher) but he was also very pragmatic in his advice to me, which pretty much boiled down to “do your work and get it out there, but keep your day job.” I’m exaggerating, but it was almost 30 years and at the time I had never heard of Robert Monroe. I later read Journeys Out of the Body, visited the Monroe Institute and met his family, so I now have a much clearer picture of the man with whom I was dealing. Had I but known…

Do you still work for Hemi-Sync®?

I have never been directly employed by Hemi-Sync® nor The Monroe Institute. However, between 1993 and 2009, I created 9 Hemi-Sync® Metamusic® albums which are listed here. Many of them — all of them? — are still available with Hemi-Sync® and some of them are exclusive to Hemi-Sync®.

Anyway, my relationship with Hemi-Sync® is essentially a licensing situation. My work has also been used at The Monroe Institute in various capacities (in-person workshops, research studies, etc.) for a number of years. I am not sure that is still the case.

What was your experience there?

I have been to the Monroe Institute several times. For anyone interested in a weeklong meditation getaway with the best brainwave audio on the planet, I think a great thing to do is try the Gateway experience. There are online options available for Gateway, but personally, I find the in-person energetic connections are the way to go. My Gateway was a peak experience: it’s where I got the idea to start creating my own music with binaural beats.


Cosmic Healing Meditation Journey

Today I received a beautiful guided meditation by Greg Campisi, President of Awaken Center for Human Evolution.

Guided meditation by Greg Campisi, Aurora by J.S. Epperson
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Shamanic Dream

I’m going through 20 years of data on my harddrives, backing things up, and in the process I stumbled across Anugama’s Shamanic Dream. This is like one of my favorite tracks of all time, and you can get it from the artist’s website at

Here’s a description I read somewhere:

Shamanic Dream by Anugama is especially suitable for trance meditations. A heartbeat drum accompanies the continued low repetition of the mantra “So Be It”. The second part is a journey through and meditation on the chakras, the energy centres of the human body.

Product Description, YouTube (probably)

It so happens I found the track on the YouTube. Surely it will be taken down. But check it out and then go support the guy directly. 😉

The Original “Shamanic Dream” by Anugama

Focus Levels

When it comes to categorizing the various states of awareness, The Monroe Institute devised a system of labels called Focus Levels™, which provide a neutral identification for each state of consciousness. Right now you are reading, indicating that you are in Focus 1, which is “normal”, everyday waking consciousness.

Essentially, the higher the number, the deeper the state of consciousness. Focus 10 is mind awake/body asleep, Focus 15 is the state of “no time”, and Focus 21 is the very edge of perception of the space-time continuum where the mind remains fully conscious and active. There are many more.

As far as I’m concerned, the articulation of the Focus Levels is Robert Monroe’s great innovation. Hemi-Sync®, a trademarked brand name for binaural beats for which he is known, is merely the vehicle for this great achievement. I respect the Monroe’s Focus Levels enough that when I was asked to duplicate the frequencies for a prospective client, I suggested he simply go to the source and license something from (He did.)

But I didn’t pass on the project because Focus Levels are sacred. I admire the work of Robert Monroe and I think we benefit from understanding the labels he attached to consciousness, but at some point it belies the deeply personal experience that is meditation: it feels clinical, formal, and dogmatic. I am informed by his work and I am inspired by the man, but mimeographing Monroe’s roadmap to consciousness is just not something that interests me.

Robert Monroe’s injunction to “get it out there” is a directive I consider often, but I don’t view it as an order to evangelize his taxonomy and structure. Instead, I view it as encouragement to build upon his understanding and to let his ideas guide us as we expand the boundaries of his work.

Anyway, here’s a neat video.

Phase Evolution discusses the nuances of many of Bob Monroe’s Focus Levels.



Higher States of Emotion

I had the chance to watch the Higher States of Emotion episode of Dr. Theresa Bullard’s Gaia TV series Mystery Teachings with Theresa Bullard.

This episode focuses on increasing energy and vibration by stimulating the limbic system with music. As the auditory nerve is directly connected to the limbic system, music has a direct effect on the brain and “rewires and heals the brain.” She suggests music that is both rhythmic and calming, featuring no lyrics, as lyrics stimulate the language centers of the brain and distract the listener. The music should fade into the background to the point where you don’t really notice it. In this episode, she recommends my album Solfeggio Suite, as well as our joint project, the Creative Alchemy guided meditation ($12.99) and the Creative Alchemy Instrumental Mix (Included with Creative Alchemy or available alone for a donation.)

I also recommend my other solfeggio recordings, available on Amazon, Apple Music, Google Play, iTunes, Spotify and many more. For links, visit: Solfeggio Suite, Solfeggio Cycle, Deltadream, Hibernation, Aurora, and Creative Alchemy.

Interested in creating a more conscious and aware lifestyle? Watch Gaia TV’s Mystery Teachings with Theresa Bullard.


Transcendent Sounds

Dr. Theresa Bullard spends an entire episode of Gaia TV’s Mystery Teachings with Theresa Bullard on the subject of Transcendent Sounds.

An impressive episode showing how sound healing connects the mind, body, and spirit.

Bullard’s emphasis on intention is what draws me to her work. In this episode she reminds us of the importance of intentionally stimulating our senses to develop new habits while pruning away old patterns that are no longer serving our greatest good. We are more than passive receptors, and through intention we can create a lifestyle that brings us closer to excellence and harmony.

I encourage anyone interested in the intersection of sound, healing and self-improvement to watch the Transcendent Sounds episode of Gaia TV’s Mystery Teachings with Theresa Bullard.

"Solfeggio Tones are effective because of the subtle differences in tunings. They jolt our brains into perceiving something foreign. Because of this, they are inherently exotic and at times, 'alien', relative to what we are used to."
J.S. Epperson on Solfeggio Frequencies, Mystery Teachings with Theresa Bullard exclusively on Gaia TV.